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DNA Test Price in Nigeria: How much is a DNA test?

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Anatomist | Health writer | Researcher
DNA test price in Nigeria

Whenever someone asks about DNA test price in Nigeria, eyebrows are raised. For obvious reasons, discussions around DNA testing ignite some level of discomfort especially because it has been boxed into being all about paternity testing. 

DNA testing is way more than that. This article outlines the many functions of DNA testing as well as DNA test price in Nigeria.

KEY POINTS:

  • Beyond paternity testing, DNA tests are also used for other purposes such as genetic screening, ancestry testing, and forensic analysis.
  • DNA test price in Nigeria, as of this 2024, is between the range of ₦50,000 – ₦150,000 only.
  • DNA tests are done by collecting samples from the buccal cells using Cheek swap.
  • The cost of DNA tests in Nigeria varies depending on the type of test, the number of people being tested, and the laboratory that is performing the test.

DNA Test Explained

DNA which is a shortened form of Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans that carries their genetic information for development and functioning. 

Put simply, a DNA test is a diagnostic test that reveals changes to your chromosomes, genes, or proteins. These mutations can reveal whether you have a genetic disorder or not. 

The test can also determine your likelihood of contracting a certain disease or passing on a genetic disorder. DNA testing or Genetic testing is used interchangeably in a sentence to mean the same thing. 

In layman terms, DNA testing/genetic testing is a method of determining the genetic makeup of an individual. It is used for a variety of purposes, including genetic screening, paternity testing, ancestry testing, and forensic analysis.

DNA testing awareness in Nigeria is growing rapidly as it’s used to solve a variety of legal and social problems in the following ways: 

  • It is a highly accurate way to determine paternity. This is important in our country where there is a high rate of child abandonment by fathers or fathers who deny being responsible for pregnancies.
  • DNA testing can be used to establish ancestry. This can be helpful for people who are trying to trace their family history. 
  • It can be used in forensic investigations. This can help to identify criminals or to solve cases of kidnapping or missing persons.

How is DNA/Genetic Testing Done?

DNA test price in Nigeria
Credit: Canva

Depending on the reasons and tests to be carried out, DNA/Genetic tests are done by collecting samples from the buccal cells using Cheek swap. Hairs, blood samples and amniotic fluid (from the fetus in the womb) are also collected. 

These samples are sent to the lab for screening, analysis and confirmation.

Unlike in yesteryears, DNA testing in Nigeria has become popular and the number of people taking it has increased in recent times.  

Some of the factors that influenced DNA test price in Nigeria increase include: 

  • Increase in the availability of DNA testing services in Nigeria: 

There are now several companies that offer the services in many cities, both locally and internationally. This has made DNA test prices in Nigeria more convenient and affordable.

  • The rising awareness of the benefits of DNA testing: 

Nigerians are becoming more aware of the benefits of DNA testing, such as the ability to determine paternity, establish ancestry, and identify genetic disorders. This has led to an increased demand for DNA testing services.

  • The growing number of legal cases involving DNA testing: DNA testing is increasingly being used in legal cases in Nigeria, such as those involving child custody, immigration, and inheritance. This has also helped to raise awareness of DNA testing and its benefits.

DNA Test Price in Nigeria and where you can get affordable options. 

How much is a DNA test?

Generally speaking, DNA test prices in Nigeria are now affordable. According to the Nigerian guide, as of 2023, the cost of a DNA test is between the range of 50,000 –150,000 naira only.

However, note that the cost of DNA tests in Nigeria varies depending on the type of test, the number of people being tested, and the laboratory that is performing the test. 

Peace of mind paternity test

The peace of mind paternity test is a non-legal test that is used to determine whether a man is the biological father of a child. The cost of a peace of mind paternity test in Nigeria ranges from 100,000–150,000 naira only.

Legal paternity test

A legal paternity test is a more rigorous test that is admissible in court. The cost of a legal paternity test in Nigeria ranges from 200,000 – 300,000 naira.

Other DNA tests

There are a variety of other DNA tests that can be performed in Nigeria, such as maternity tests, sibling tests, and ancestry tests. The cost of these tests varies depending on the specific test.

Affordable options for DNA Test in Nigeria

There are a few affordable options for DNA testing here. One option is to use a home DNA testing kit. Home DNA testing kits are available for purchase online and in some pharmacies. The cost of a home DNA testing kit ranges from N50,000 –100,000 naira.

Another option for affordable DNA tests in Nigeria is to use a public health laboratory. Public health laboratories offer DNA testing at a discounted rate. The cost of DNA testing at a public health laboratory ranges from 50,000 –100,000 naira.

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Some Benefits of DNA Testing You Don’t Know

Cost of DNA in nigeria
Credit: Canva

DNA testing is a powerful tool that can be used to improve your health and well-being in many ways. Here are some of the benefits of DNA testing:

Disease prevention: DNA testing can help you identify your risk for developing certain diseases, such as cancer, heart disease, and diabetes. 

This knowledge can help you take steps to prevent these diseases, such as making lifestyle changes or getting regular screening tests.

Personalized healthcare: DNA testing can help you tailor your healthcare to your individual needs. For example, if you know that you have a genetic mutation that increases your risk of developing a certain disease, you can talk to a qualified doctor to develop a prevention plan or to choose the best treatment options if you already have the disease.

Identifying genetic heritage: DNA testing can help you learn about your genetic heritage, which can give you insights into your ancestry, health risks, and your responses to certain medications.

In addition to these benefits, DNA testing can also be used to screen newborns for genetic disorders, Assess the likelihood of compatibility for organ donation and investigate criminal cases. 

Factors affecting DNA test prices in Nigeria. 

How much is a dna test?

A. Laboratory Accreditation and Quality Standards:

DNA testing laboratories that are accredited by a recognized international organization, such as the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), are held to higher standards of quality and accuracy. 

This can lead to higher costs for tests as these laboratories have to invest in more rigorous testing procedures and quality control measures.

B. Type and Complexity of DNA Test 

The type and complexity of the DNA test can also affect the price. For example, a paternity test is generally less expensive than a test for genetic disorders. 

This is because paternity tests only need to compare the DNA of the child and the alleged father, while genetic disorder tests need to analyze a much larger number of genes.

C. Sample Collection Methods

The sample collection method can also affect the price of a DNA test. For instance, cheek swab samples are the most common and least expensive method of collecting DNA. Although other types of samples, such as blood, hair, and fingernails, can also be used. The cost of these is usually higher. 

D. Additional Services and Analysis

Some DNA testing companies offer additional services and analysis, such as genetic counseling or ancestry tracing. These services can add to the cost of the DNA test.

E. Geographic Location and Accessibility

The geographic location of the laboratory and the accessibility of the testing facility can also affect the price of a DNA test. DNA tests that are conducted in remote areas or that require overnight shipping may be more expensive.

F. Market Competition and Demand

In a competitive market, laboratories may be more likely to offer lower prices to attract customers. However, in a market with high demand, prices may be higher due to increased demand.

In summary, the factors affecting DNA test prices in Nigeria are complex and can vary depending on the specific test being performed. However, the factors listed above are some of the most common factors that can affect the price of a DNA test in Nigeria.

The Types of DNA Tests Available in Nigeria

A. Paternity and Relationship Testing

Paternity Testing: This is the most common type of DNA test in Nigeria. It is used to determine whether a man is the biological father of a child. The test is done by comparing the DNA of the child to the DNA of the alleged father.

In most cases, paternity testing is performed after the child is born.  The procedure is known as postnatal DNA paternity testing. 

Doing a DNA test before a child is born is also possible but more expensive and can be harmful to the baby. Thus, the common, secure, affordable, practical, and non-invasive kind of paternity testing is done after birth.

Maternity Testing: This test is used to determine whether a woman is the biological mother of a child. The test is done by comparing the DNA of the child to the DNA of the alleged mother.

Siblingship Testing: This test is used to determine whether two or more people are siblings. The test is done by comparing the DNA of the individuals to each other.

Ancestry Testing: This test is used to determine a person’s ancestral origins. The test is done by comparing the DNA of the individual to DNA samples from different populations around the world.

B. Genetic Health Testing

Carrier Screening: This test is used to determine whether a person is a carrier of a genetic disorder. Carriers of genetic disorders do not have the disorder themselves, but they can pass the disorder on to their children.

Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD): This test is used to screen embryos for genetic disorders before they are implanted in a woman’s uterus. PGD can help to prevent the birth of children with genetic disorders.

Newborn Screening: This test is used to screen newborns for a variety of genetic disorders. Newborn screening is done by taking a small blood sample from the baby’s heel.

C. Forensic DNA Testing

DNA Fingerprinting: This is a type of DNA testing that is used to identify individuals. DNA fingerprinting is used in a variety of forensic applications, such as criminal investigations and paternity disputes.

DNA Typing: This is a type of DNA testing that is used to determine the genetic profile of an individual. DNA typing is used in a variety of forensic applications, such as criminal investigations and paternity disputes.

DNA Evidence Collection: This is the process of collecting DNA evidence from a crime scene. DNA evidence can be collected from a variety of sources, such as blood, saliva, hair, and skin cells.

How much is a DNA test in Nigeria 

  • Peace of mind paternity test: This test is for individuals who want to know if they are the biological father of a child. It typically costs between 100,000 and 150,000 Naira.
  • Legal paternity test: This test is used in court cases to determine paternity. It is more expensive than a peace of mind test, typically costing between 200,000 and 300,000 Naira.
  • Siblingship test: This test is used to determine if two people are siblings. It typically costs between 150,000 and 200,000 Naira.
  • Grandparentage test: This test is used to determine if a grandparent is the biological grandparent of a child. It typically costs between 150,000 and 200,000 Naira.
  • Ancestry test: This test is used to determine a person’s ancestry. It typically costs between 100,000 and 150,000 Naira.

The Factors to consider when choosing a DNA test provider in Nigeria:

A. Accreditation and Certification

DNA testing is a complex and sensitive procedure, so it is important to choose a provider that is accredited and certified by a reputable organization. Some of the most recognized accreditation bodies for DNA testing include:

  • ISO 17025: This is an international standard for quality management systems for testing and calibration laboratories.
  • CLIA: This is a United States government-mandated program that ensures that clinical laboratories meet certain standards of quality and competence.
  • CAP: This is an independent, nonprofit organization that accredits and certifies clinical and laboratory services.

B. Testing Accuracy and Quality Assurance

In addition to being accredited and certified, a good DNA testing provider will have a strong commitment to accuracy and quality assurance. This means that they will use state-of-the-art equipment and methods, and they will have a rigorous quality control program in place.

C.  Privacy and Data Protection

DNA testing is a personal and sensitive procedure, so it is important to choose a provider that will protect your privacy and data. Make sure to ask about the provider’s privacy policy and how they will store and use your DNA data.

D.  Turnaround Time for Test Results

The turnaround time for test results can vary depending on the type of test and the provider. However, you should be able to get your results within a few weeks of submitting your sample.

E. Customer Support and Aftercare Services

If you have any questions or concerns about your DNA test, you should be able to get help from the provider’s customer support team. Make sure to ask about the provider’s aftercare services, such as how they will help you understand your test results.

Cost of DNA Tests in Nigeria in Specific hospitals/Labs

DNA test price in Nigeria
Credit: Canva

This list shows the Cost of DNA tests in some affordable hospitals and laboratories across Nigeria. 

  • The cost of DNA test at Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH) starts from ₦85,000 

Conclusion: 

DNA testing is a powerful tool that can be used for a variety of purposes, including genetic screening, paternity testing, immigration, and ancestry research. 

The most common type of DNA test in Nigeria is paternity testing. This type of test can be used to determine whether a man is the biological father of a child.

The cost of DNA tests in Nigeria varies depending on the type of test and the lab and ranges from N50,000 to 150,000 Naira.

DNA testing can be done in a clinic or at home. The home test kits are more convenient, but you have to send them to the lab as soon as possible for screening and analysis. The results of a DNA test are usually available within a few weeks.

References

MedlinePlus.(2021). How is genetic testing done?

SabiLaw. (2022). Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Evidence Under Nigeria Law. SabiLaw. 

SmartDNA Nigeria.(2022) The Different Types of DNA Tests in Nigeria 

DNA forensics. (2023). Paternity DNA test in Nigeria 

Nigerian guide. (2023).  Cost of DNA test in Nigeria currently 

Nigeria health blog. ( 2023). Centres that do DNA Paternity Test including Cost

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Chioma Okwara

Chioma Okwara is an Anatomist and a health content writer. She specializes in topics related to public health, mental health and infertility. Chioma is a Volunteer for Whispering Hope Africa Initiative ( WHAiafrica) where she offers her services to helping the poor in the rural areas of the Nigeria.

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