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10 Amazing Garden Eggs Benefits

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Health Writer | Medical Researcher
Health benefits of garden eggs

Aside from the fact that garden eggs (also known as eggplants) are versatile and can be used in preparing different dishes, they have many health benefits. Some of the amazing garden eggs benefits include promoting weight loss, lowering cholesterol levels, and boosting the immune system


  • Garden eggs are from the nightshade family, with the botanical name Solanum melongena.
  • Garden eggs are a good source of carbohydrates and dietary fiber.
  • Garden eggs boost the immune system, fight cancer, lower cholesterol levels, regulate blood pressure, promote strong and healthy bones, improve vision, promote weight loss, improve cognitive function, and prevent Anaemia
  • Garden eggs can boost fertility, but scientific evidence in this area is limited.
  • Always speak with a doctor first before incorporating garden eggs into your diet.

Walking through the street or the fruit and vegetable section of most markets in Nigeria, it is common to see garden eggs displayed for sale on the tables. Garden eggs are one fruit that is versatile, very affordable, and widely consumed in African countries like Nigeria, Ghana, and the Benin Republic. But do you know that this fruit that is considered a common staple has a lot of amazing health benefits?

This article explores the subject of garden eggs from a fresh angle and explains 10 amazing garden eggs benefits.

Garden Eggs: A Brief Introduction

Garden eggs are from the nightshade family, with the botanical name Solanum melongena. They are plants with small to medium-sized fruits with smooth and glossy skin. There are different types of garden eggs, each with its own size, shape, color, and unique taste.

In most parts of Nigeria, garden eggs are used for welcoming and entertaining visitors. They are also used as part of refreshment during marriage and burial ceremonies.

Garden eggs are available year-round. They are grown for their fruits and young leaves. The fruits and young leaves can be consumed fresh or added to a salad. The fruits can also be cooked and prepared as stew, sauce, or soup, while the leaves can be added as vegetables while preparing certain dishes.

Garden Eggs Nutritional Value

Garden Eggs Nutritional Value

Garden eggs, also known as African eggplant, are fruits packed with a lot of nutrients that offer many health benefits.

Renowned for its bitter taste and spongy, it is a good source of carbohydrates and dietary fiber. They are a good source of vitamins C, A, and K. They also contain iron, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, and antioxidants, which can help protect the cells from damage.

Additionally, garden eggs are very nutritious in vitamin B1 (thiamin), vitamin B6, manganese, folate, copper, and niacin. Garden eggs also contain phytonutrients like nasunin and chlorogenic acid.

Garden Eggs Benefits that will surprise you

Garden Eggs Benefits
Credit: Healthier Steps

Garden eggs are very nutrient-dense but are sadly overlooked and seen mostly as a welcome gift. Nevertheless, these humble fruits (yes, they are botanically classified as fruits!) offer so many encouraging benefits that would motivate you to add them to your menu.

Below are some of the amazing garden eggs benefits you should know about:

  • Boosting Immune System Function: Garden eggs are packed with beneficial nutrients such as iron, vitamins B6, B1, C, E, K, zinc, potassium, folate, and phytonutrients. These nutrients play a significant role in boosting the immune system, maintaining optimal health, and supporting various bodily functions. They help repair damaged cells and fight against disease-causing microorganisms. 
  • Lower cholesterol and promote heart health: One of the major risk factors for the development of cardiovascular disease and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is high cholesterol levels. Among the health benefits of garden eggs is that they help lower cholesterol levels. This is because they contain fiber and chlorogenic acid which has been indicated in helping to lower cholesterol levels. It also contains anthocyanins, a phytonutrient which according to a review of studies can help to reduce oxidative stress, inflammatory markers, and bad cholesterol which are factors that can increase the risk of heart disease.
  • Regulating Blood Pressure: The potassium and magnesium in garden eggs can help regulate blood pressure and maintain healthy heart function.


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  • Fight cancer: Garden eggs are a good source of phytonutrients and antioxidants like anthocyanin and chlorogenic acid. These phytonutrients have anti-cancer effects. Studies have shown that anthocyanin and chlorogenic acids can help prevent tumor growth and the spread of cancer cells by eliminating free radicals from the body and protecting the cells from damage. 
  • Promote weight loss: Garden eggs are another food you may want to add to your diet if you want to lose or maintain your weight. It is a good source of fiber, which is needed for a healthy gut, promoting regular bowel movement and preventing constipation. Its high fiber content means it can easily satisfy and keep you full for longer periods thereby reducing the amount of calories you consume. Garden eggs are low in carbs and calories which is important when trying to lose weight.
  • Garden eggs may improve your vision: One of the health benefits of garden eggs is that they contain beta-carotene, which is pro-vitamin A.  Vitamin A is needed for the proper functioning of the retina. Garden eggs also contain nicotinoid alkaloids which gives it a slightly bitter taste. Nicotinoid alkaloids help to fight glaucoma and improve vision.
  • Good for pregnant women: Garden eggs are rich in folic acid which is an essential nutrient needed during pregnancy as it can help in the formation of neural tubes during the early development of the fetus. Folic acid helps to prevent some major birth defects in the baby’s brain and spine.
  • Promote cognitive function: Anthocyanins content in garden eggs can prevent neuroinflammation and promote blood flow to the brain. A Study revealed that this phytonutrient can help prevent memory loss and other age-related mental decline.  
  • For strong and healthy bones: Garden eggs contain calcium which helps to build and maintain strong bones and prevents the risk of osteoporosis. They also contain magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, zinc, and vitamin K which are important for healthy bones. 
  • Prevent Anaemia: You can boost your blood and prevent anemia by consuming garden eggs because it is a rich source of vitamins and copper.  Both minerals can stimulate the production of red blood cells in the body, thereby preventing anemia and boosting one’s strength and energy.

Side Effects of Consuming Too Many Garden Eggs

Garden Eggs Benefits
Credit: Adobe

Too much consumption of garden eggs and their leaves may cause:

  • Gastrointestinal issues for some people: Just like other foods from the nightshade (Solanaceae) family, garden eggs contain alkaloids known as solanine. Garden eggs when consumed in excess can cause solanine poisoning which is manifested by gastrointestinal disorders such as vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. 
  • Allergic reactions: Some people may have allergic reactions after eating garden eggs. They may exhibit symptoms which include hives, itching, swelling of the mouth or throat, and difficulty breathing. Anyone who experiences these symptoms after eating garden eggs or any other food needs to see a doctor immediately.
  • Kidney stones formation: Garden eggs may not be a great fruit option for people who are prone to kidney stones. It contains oxalates which is a substance that can contribute to the formation of stones in the kidney. Consuming too many garden eggs may cause oxalates to accumulate in the body resulting in the formation of kidney stones. 

Final Thoughts

You don’t need garden eggs only for welcoming and serving your guests; you can get them for your personal consumption. Garden eggs benefits are very encouraging, making it a great food option to consider when seeking a cheaper, readily available, but nutrient-rich, and healthy food to include in your diet.

Aside from the fact that garden eggs are versatile and can be used in preparing different dishes, they have many health benefits. Some garden eggs benefits include promoting weight loss, lowering cholesterol levels, and boosting the immune system.

Note that, although the health benefits of garden eggs are numerous, there are potential risks and side effects when consumed excessively. So, before you make any serious changes in your diet, like adding garden eggs, it is very important that you first consult a doctor in case you have any health concerns or conditions.

How Telemedicine Can Help

Telemedicine is very helpful in this area, especially for diabetic patients and people who want to boost their fertility. Although the information in this article is accurate, it cannot (and should not) replace expert medical advice.

Whenever it is convenient, you can always book a session with a doctor. These professionals will properly advise you on how to incorporate garden eggs into your diet.

With telemedicine, you don’t have to worry about making the commute to a clinic or hospital. You can get the medical advice you need easily and conveniently online.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the benefits of eating garden egg?

Garden egg helps your body to use fat and protein adequately, improves the nervous system, regulates blood pressure, absorbs glucose, and maintains heart function.

Does garden egg boost fertility?

Garden eggs are very good sources of minerals, antioxidants, and vitamins like Vitamin K, Vitamin C, Vitamin B1, calcium, folate, and Magnesium. Therefore, garden eggs can neutralize free radicals, reduce oxidative stress, regulate women’s hormones, aid sperm integrity and motility, and regulate blood sugar levels, which is a plus for fertility. However, scientific evidence in this area is limited and other factors affect fertility.

What is the difference between green and white garden eggs?

The major difference between the green and white garden eggs is the presence of chlorophyll in the green garden egg. The white garden egg is easier to digest while the green garden egg improves the health quality of the liver.

Does garden egg reduce sugar level?

Garden egg reduces the absorption of glucose in the body, thereby lowering blood sugar levels. This makes garden eggs a viable dietary option for diabetic patients.

Is garden egg fruit or vegetable?

Generally, garden eggs are considered a vegetable, but botanically speaking, it is a fruit. This is because they grow from a flowering plant and contain seeds.


Fati Sule (n.d).The Bittersweet Wonders Of The Nigerian Garden Eggs

Lin Bo Wen et al, (2017). Effects of anthocyanins on the prevention and treatment of cancer – PMC

Adelakun, S. A., Ukwenya, V. O., Akingbade, G. T., Omotoso, O. D., & Aniah, J. A. (2020). Interventions of aqueous extract of Solanum melongena fruits (garden eggs) on mercury chloride induced testicular toxicity in adult male Wistar rats.

Ashutosh Gupta et al, (2022). Chlorogenic acid for cancer prevention and therapy: Current status on efficacy and mechanisms of action

Soliman G.A, (2019). Dietary Fiber, Atherosclerosis, and Cardiovascular Disease – PMC

Jeremy P. E. Spencer, (2010). The impact of fruit flavonoids on memory and cognition | British Journal of Nutrition | Cambridge Core                                                                           

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Blessing Amaka

Ms. Blessing is a health writer and freelance researcher with special interest in healthcare and lifestyle improvements.

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