10 Things to Know about Breast Cancer
What is Breast Cancer? This is a cancerous growth that forms in the cells of the breast. It can occur in both men and women, though it is more common among women. Breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed after skin cancer, and the second leading cause of cancer deaths after lung cancer.
It is therefore important to know a thing or ten about this type of cancer, because to be forewarned is to be forearmed.
a. In-situ breast cancer- These types of breast cancer are in their early stages and have not spread past lobule or the duct they originated from.
Examples of such types of cancer are
b. Invasive breast cancer- These are the types of breast cancer that spread to the surrounding tissues of the breast. Examples of such include;
Stage 0– In this stage the cancer is still confined to the ducts and have not spread to nearby tissues.
Stage 1- The primary tumor is 2cm wide or less.
Stage 2- The tumor is between 2-5cm and hasn’t spread to the lymph nodes.
Stage 3- The cancer has spread to the axillary nodes and the tumors are greater than 5cm.
Stage 4- The tumor can be of any size. In this stage, the cancer has spread to distant lymph nodes as well as organs.
This is of course better than finding a cure. The ways to prevent breast cancer are;
Some risk factors of breast cancer that one has control over are;
These are factors that are not determined by the individuals involved. They include;
There are different approaches towards treating breast cancer. It all depends on which method is ideal for each case. This is often determined by the doctor and patient. Some forms of treatment include;
Other forms of treatment are chemotherapy, hormone therapy and targeted drugs.
Breast cancer is not a death sentence. If detected early, there is a higher chance of recovery.
If you are diagnosed with breast cancer, it becomes necessary to find an oncologist (a cancer specialist) and begin treatment immediately.
Just like other kinds of Cancer, by early detection, a patient stands a chance to defeat breast cancer. This is why women are advised to get a mammography or Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Consult a Doctor today to know the right steps to take towards screening and treatment if you have been diagnosed.
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